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Summary of IFAB 20-21 Law Changes, In effect as of June 1, 2020

( Refer to for more explanation)

Law 1 – The Field of Play
• Goalposts and the crossbar may be a combination of the four basic shape

Law 10 – Determining the Outcome of a Match
• Yellow cards (YCs) and warnings are not carried forward into kicks from the penalty mark
• See also changes to Law 14 relating to KFPM

Law 11 – Offside
• Deliberate handball by a defending player is considered ‘deliberate play’ for offside

Law 12 – Fouls and Misconduct
• Handball:
• the boundary between the shoulder and the arm is defined as the bottom of the armpit
(see the diagram on p. 14)
• ‘accidental’ handball by an attacking player (or team-mate) is only penalised if it occurs
‘immediately’ before a goal or clear goal-scoring opportunity
• A goalkeeper can receive a YC or be sent off (RC) for ‘illegally’ touching the ball a second
time after a restart (e.g. goal kick, free kick etc.) even if the touch is with the hand/arm
• Any offence (not only a foul) which ‘interferes with or stops a promising attack’ should
result in a YC
• A player who fails to respect the 4m required distance at a dropped ball should receive a YC
• If the referee plays advantage or allows a ‘quick’ free kick for an offence which ‘interfered
with or stopped a promising attack’, the YC is not issued

Law 14 – The Penalty Kick
• An offence by the goalkeeper is not penalised if a penalty kick misses the goal or rebounds
from the goal (without a touch from the goalkeeper) unless the offence clearly affected the
• The goalkeeper is warned for the first offence; it is a YC for any further offence(s)
• The kicker is penalised if the goalkeeper and the kicker offend at exactly the same time
VAR protocol
• Only one ‘TV signal’ is required for a VAR-only review

• A definition of the offence of holding has been included
• A player’s position at a restart is the position of the feet or any part of the body which is
touching the ground (except as outlined in Law 11 – Offside) 

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